Physical and Mechanical Properties
The mango originated in India and is one of the most popular fruits all over the world. Less well known is the timber obtained from the mango tree, which is becoming more popular in recent years. Mango wood has a unique, wavy-grained appearance with a lot of colour variation. Mango has become naturalised and adapted throughout the tropics and subtropics.
Mango is moderately hard and dense, slightly harder ash or black cherry, and it is highly water resistant. The wood is lustrous and blond, often with a pink tinge There is no distinct sapwood,although old trees sometimes contain a small central dark core. It has a moderately coarse texture with an irregular, strongly interlocked grain. The pores are large and prominent. Marbled staining is preventable and occurs during processing; however, it is often desired
- Average Weight (12% MC) 545-610 kg/m3
- Average Volumetric Shrinkage(Green to 6% MC) 1.0-2.0%
- Modulus of Rupture (MOR) 57-90MPa
- Modulus of Elasticity (MOE) 7,500-14,500 Mpa
- Compressive strength (parallel to grain) 32-48 Mpa
- Hardness 4,500 N
Mango wood breaks down quickly when left untreated and exposed to the elements. It is also highly susceptible to insect attack. However, when properly seasoned and treated, mango wood can last for many years.
In recent years, mango wood has gained popularity for furniture manfacturing which can be attributed to its moderate grain texture and staining quality.
It is being used extensively for home furniture in various finishes and textures.